I guess all of us know Paul the Octopus, the mollusk whose reputation skyrocketed during the 2010 World Cup.
He successfully predicted the outcome of Germany's seven matches, and also the final.
The octopus is a cephalopod mollusc in the order Octopoda. The largest member of the octopus family includes the Giant Squid(or I normally call them Architeuthis) and the North Pacific Giant Octopus.
A Colossal Squid - slightly smaller than the giant Architeuthis
Giant Octopus size relative to man
As an invertebrate, an octopus has no skeleton, and so it is capable of squeezing through tight cracks, as long as their hard beak could fit through the opening. All octopuses are venomous, but only the small blue-ringed octopuses are known to be deadly to humans.
Octopuses have three hearts. Two pump blood through each of the two gills, while the third pumps blood through the body.
Many of us do not know that the octopus is a very intelligent creature. I once saw a video of an octopus escaping from the fishing vessel; it slithered through tight openings(octopus can survive on land for several hours), and finally dropped into the water and the fishermen went berserk, such a hilarious scene =)
There was another case where an octopus climbed on board a fishing vessel, sneaked into their storage room and ate the crabs.. =.= the fishermen were truly outsmarted by an animal that has no bone~~
In laboratory experiments, octopuses can be readily trained to distinguish between different shapes and patterns. Octopuses have also been observed in what some have described as play: repeatedly releasing bottles or toys into a circular current in their aquariums and then catching them.
Some octopus could change their color according to their mood; black when provoked and white when frightened(just like their cousin the cuttlefish and squid).
They have highly complex nervous system, and some are so cute they collect shells as they travel to be used as protection. Other forms of protection include shooting dark ink at the predator.
The most impressive of them all is the Mimic Octopus. This little creature, as its name suggests, mimics dangerous sea creature such as the lionfish, sea snake, and flounder to scare off predators.
A Mimic Octopus mimicking a flounder
A Mimic Octopus mimicking a starfish
A Mimic Octopus mimicking a sea snake
A Mimic Octopus mimicking a stingray
An Atlantic Stingray
The first time I saw it on National Geographic Channel I was sooooooo~~ impressed by this animal whose brain is by far the most advance brain I have ever encountered in the animal kingdom.
An octopus has a fairly short lifetime, and some species live for as little as six months. Larger species, such as the North Pacific Giant Octopus, may live for up to five years under suitable circumstances.
Ironically, reproduction is a cause of death: males can only live for a few months after mating, and females die shortly after their eggs hatch. They neglect to eat during the period spent taking care of their unhatched eggs, but starvation is not the cause of death; endocrine secretions from the two optic glands are the cause of this genetically programmed death. That's why you won't see Paul the Octopus in the next World Cup.
A female North Pacific Giant Octopus with her eggs hanging from her arms
Their short lifespan ultimately restricts the amount of learning they could achieve, and that's probably why we conquered the Earth, not them.
Some people keep octopuses as pets. Octopuses often escape even from supposedly secure tanks, due to their problem-solving skills, mobility and lack of rigid structure.
Octopuses are also quite strong for their size. Octopuses kept as pets have been known to open the covers of their aquariums.
Unlike other animals which I have written about, this animal is not threatened by extinction. Their superior intelligence could carry them further, if not restricted by their short life expectancy (partly because they're on our menu)